Sri Lanka Travel

Set in the Indian Ocean in South Asia, the tropical island nation of Sri Lanka has a long and colourful history. It is a place where the original soul of Buddhism still flourishes and where nature’s beauty remains abundant and unspoilt. Few places in the world can offer the traveller such a remarkable combination of stunning landscapes, pristine beaches, captivating cultural heritage and unique experiences within such a compact location. Sri Lanka travel adventures let you discover attractions that are truly diverse and exotic; within a mere area of 65, 610 kilometres lie 8 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, 1,330 kilometres of coastline – much of it pristine beach, – 15 national parks showcasing an abundance of wildlife, nearly 500,000 acres of lush tea estates, 250 acres of botanical gardens, 350 waterfalls, and 25,000 water bodies, not forgetting a culture that extends back to over 2,500 years. Explore Sri Lanka, travel the island, of magical proportions, once known as the Serendib, Taprobane, the Pearl of the Indian Ocean, and Ceylon.

  • Official Name: Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka
  • Government Type: Republic
  • Location: Latitude 5° 55. to 9° 50. north, Longitude 79° 42. to 81° 52., 650km north of the equator
  • Dimensions: 430km North to South, 225km East to West
  • Coastline: 1,340km
  • Area: 65,525km
  • Currency (code): Sri Lankan Rupee (LKR)
  • Independence: 4th February 1948
  • Administrative Capital: Sri Jayewardenepura
  • Commercial Capital: Colombo
  • Administrative Divisions: Typically tropical, with a northeast monsoon (December to March) bringing unsettled weather to the north and east, and a southwest monsoon (June to October) bringing bad weather to the south and west
  • Terrain: Mostly low, flat to rolling plain; mountains in south-central interior
  • Highest Mountain: Pidurutalagala, 2,524m
  • Highest Waterfall: Bambarakanda, 263m
  • National Flower The Blue Water Lily (Nymphaea stellata).
  • National Parks and Nature Reserves Area: 8,000sq.km
  • Population: 21,128,773
  • Population Growth Rate: 1.3%
  • Population Density: 309 people per sq km
  • Life Expectancy at Birth 74 female, 64 male
  • Literacy Rate : Female 87.9 Male 92.5
  • Ethnic Groups: Sinhalese 73.8%, Sri Lankan Moors 7.2%, Indian Tamil 4.6%, Sri Lankan Tamil 3.9%, other 0.5%, unspecified 10% (2001 census)
  • Languages: Sinhala (official and national language) 74%, Tamil (national language) 18%, other 8%
  • Note: English (a link language commonly) is used in government and spoken competently by about 10% of the population
  • Religion: Buddhist 69.1%, Muslim 7.6%, Hindu 7.1%, Christian 6.2%, unspecified 10% (2001 census)
  • Time Zone: Sri Lanka Standard Time is five and a half hours ahead of GMT. (Allowance should be made for summer-time changes in Europe.)
  • International Dialling: +94
  • Electricity: 230 . 240 volts, 50 cycles AC. If you travel with a laptop computer bring a stabilizer
  • Economy: Sri Lanka’s most dynamic sectors are food processing, textiles and apparel, food and beverages, port construction, telecommunications, insurance and banking. In 2006, plantation crops made up only 15% of exports (90% in 1970), while textiles and garments accounted for more than 60%. About 800,000 Sri Lankans work abroad, 90% of them in the Middle East. They send home more than US$1 billion a year.
  • Labour Force 34.3% of the labour population is employed in agriculture, 25.3% in industry and 40.4% in services: 40.4% (30 June 2006 est.) The unemployment rate is 5.7% (2007 est.)
  • Agriculture & Products Rice, Sugarcane, Grains, Pulses, Oilseed, Spices, Tea, Rubber, Coconuts, milk, Eggs, Hides, Beef, Fish
  • Industries: Processing of rubber, tea, coconuts, tobacco and other agricultural commodities, telecommunications, insurance, banking; clothing, textiles, cement, petroleum refining.
  • Exports: Textiles and apparel; tea and spices; diamonds, emeralds, rubies; coconut products, rubber manufactures, fish
  • Imports: Main import commodities are textile fabrics, mineral products, petroleum, foodstuffs, machinery and transportation equipment: $10.61 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.). Percentage of main commodities from main import partners: India 19.6%, China 10.5%, Singapore 8.8%, Iran 5.7%, Malaysia 5.1%, Hong Kong 4.2%, Japan 4.1% (2006)
  • Gross Domestic Product (GDP): Purchasing power parity: $81.29 billion (2007 est.). Official exchange rate: $30.01 billion (2007 est.) Real growth rate: 6.3% (2007 est.) Per capita: $4,100 (2007 est.) composition by sector: Agriculture: 16.5% Industry: 26.9%
  • Flag Description: Yellow with two panels; the smaller hoist-side panel has two equal vertical bands of green (hoist side) and orange; the other panel is a large dark red rectangle with a yellow lion holding a sword, and there is a yellow bo leaf in each corner; the yellow field appears as a border around the entire flag and extends between the two panels
  • Visa Services: ETA Visa Services
Discover, the bustling city of Colombo, where rich culture, an illustrious heritage and a modern lifestyle blends seamlessly together! Find Out More
Explore world heritage sites, once grand kingdoms scattered with ruins of majestic palaces and sacred temples, a legacy of ancient kings and much more with our Cultural Triangle Tour. Find Out More
Discover Sri Lanka’s cool climes, winding hills lush with tea bushes which produce the world ‘s finest tea and much more with our exciting Hill Country Tour! Find Out More
Enjoy endless amounts of sun, sand and surf, as we take you to some of the most beautiful beaches, which this paradise isle has long since been famed for! Find Out More
Discover the arid beauty of the island’s northern province whilst treating your taste buds to true culinary delights, history and fascinating places to explore! Find Out More